In Food Business Idea

YAM FLOUR PRODUCTION (ELUBO)

YAM FLOUR PRODUCTION

I will be sharing ideas on how to add value to agricultural products and various business potential that abound with each food products.

Our first article will be on yam. Why yam first you may ask, maybe because pounded yam is my best food or maybe Nigeria is the largest producer of yam in the world, anyways let’s move on to business.

YAM (Dioscorea spp).

Yam, as we may already know, is root and tuber. There are various varieties of yam, the popular species in Nigeria are

White yam (Dioscorea rotundata)

Water yam (Dioscorea alata)

Yellow yam (Dioscorea cayensis)

Bitter yam (Dioscorea  dumetorum).

Yam is a rich source of water, Carbohydrate, vitamin B complex, vitamin C, Calcium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Manganese, Essential amino acid such as Phenylalanine and Threomine.

Yam a raw material to other food products can be sourced in large quantities from the following states in Nigeria: Benue, Niger, Taraba,  Nasarawa,  Kogi, Oyo, Ondo, and Delta.

Yam Flour (Elubo), Instant pounded yam flour (Poundo yam flour), Yam fries are major food products that can be gotten from processed yam.

YAM FLOUR

Yam flour (off-white fine flour) also known as Elubo is used to prepare Amala. Amala is mostly consumed by the Yoruba people from the south-west of Nigeria.

Ikokoro and white yam are the major varieties of yam used in yam flour production. Physically damage yams can also be used to prevent food wastage/food loss.

Equipment used for yam flour processing are Slicing Machine, Per-boilers, Dryers (Cabinet/Flash), milling machine (Hammermill with cyclone), sifting machines, sealers, packaging machines,  bowls, knives, scoops and weighing scale.

YAM FLOUR PRODUCTION FLOW CHART

Cleaning: Clean to remove sand and dirt

Peeling: Peel manually using knives

Slicing: Slice peeled yam tubers into uniform size chips. This is to enable the chips to dry faster at the same time and temperature.
Cleaning: Clean/Rinse chips with water

Drying: Dry yam chips in a cabinet dryer. Ensure yam chips are properly dried.

Milling: Mill dried chips into a fine flour using a hammer mill

Cooling: Cool milled flour before packaging to reduce the heat generated as a result of milling
Sieving: Sieve to remove particles

Packaging: Package yam flour in different sizes (1kg, 2kg, 5kg, and 10kg) seal and label

Your packaged yam flour can be sold to individuals, supermarkets, schools, restaurants, hotels, and caterers. Yam flour can also be exported to other countries.

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Shola Oladejo

She is the editor in chief of foodpreneurshub with vast experience with food manufacturing and processing industry.

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12 Comments

  1. Avatar
    Zaynab Adejokun Idris
    1 year ago

    Hello,
    I really love your write up on yam flour.Very educative. It reminds me of my days in school as a student of food technology. You are doing a wonderful job.

    Reply
  2. Avatar
    Shola Oladejo
    6 months ago

    Thank you. Good to know you are a food technologist too

    Reply
  3. Avatar
    Alfred Buba
    4 months ago

    Hi Shola, thanks for your write-ups/website. I want to start a small scale yam flour processing factory…but I have noticed that in the US markets, the price of yam flour is about the same with the price of the tubers. Considering all the labor, machinery, time, risk, and patients, why is the flour and the tubers about the same price?

    Reply
    1. Avatar
      Shola Oladejo
      3 months ago

      Hello Alfred, Ii is a nice idea to start a small scale yam flour processing factory. A lot of factors might affect the price of both flour and yam. Yams here in Nigeria are seasonal, hence they are very cheap during harvest and expensive during the planting season. As a manufacturer of yam flour, you might want to buy your major raw material when it is very cheap and directly from the farmers. Secondly, people buy yam flour because of convenience, ease of preparation and longer shelf life.

      Reply
  4. Avatar
    Kiki
    3 months ago

    Please shola do I need to parboile yam before I dry it

    Reply
    1. Avatar
      Shola Oladejo
      3 months ago

      For yam flour production, No you don’t have to parboil before dying.

      Reply
  5. Avatar
    Funmi
    3 months ago

    Hello Shola. Pls How do you know the real yam flour. What does gbodo look like? I want to go into small scale packaging, I just got sample now but small small yam.

    Reply
  6. Avatar
    Bukola
    2 months ago

    Please is elubo and poundo yam processing (production method) the same and if not same,what’s the difference?

    Reply
    1. Avatar
      Shola Oladejo
      2 months ago

      In yam flour production the yam slices are not not parboiled before drying while in Pondo yam production, the yam slices are parboiled before drying.

      Reply
  7. Avatar
    Joan
    2 months ago

    Helpful

    Reply
  8. Avatar
    Kiki
    6 days ago

    Thanks for your articles, they are so inspiring. Please Which type of yam is the best for pundo yam production

    Reply
    1. Avatar
      Shola Oladejo
      4 days ago

      White yams are the best

      Reply

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