YAM FLOUR PRODUCTION
I will be sharing ideas on how to add value to agricultural products and various business potential that abound with each food products.
Our first article will be on yam. Why yam first you may ask, maybe because pounded yam is my best food or maybe Nigeria is the largest producer of yam in the world, anyways let’s move on to business.
YAM (Dioscorea spp).
Yam, as we may already know, is root and tuber. There are various varieties of yam, the popular species in Nigeria are
White yam (Dioscorea rotundata)
Water yam (Dioscorea alata)
Yellow yam (Dioscorea cayensis)
Bitter yam (Dioscorea dumetorum).
Yam is a rich source of water, Carbohydrate, vitamin B complex, vitamin C, Calcium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Manganese, Essential amino acid such as Phenylalanine and Threomine.
Yam a raw material to other food products can be sourced in large quantities from the following states in Nigeria: Benue, Niger, Taraba, Nasarawa, Kogi, Oyo, Ondo, and Delta.
Yam Flour (Elubo), Instant pounded yam flour (Poundo yam flour), Yam fries are major food products that can be gotten from processed yam.
Yam flour (off-white fine flour) also known as Elubo is used to prepare Amala. Amala is mostly consumed by the Yoruba people from the south-west of Nigeria.
Ikokoro and white yam are the major varieties of yam used in yam flour production. Physically damage yams can also be used to prevent food wastage/food loss.
Equipment used for yam flour processing are Slicing Machine, Per-boilers, Dryers (Cabinet/Flash), milling machine (Hammermill with cyclone), sifting machines, sealers, packaging machines, bowls, knives, scoops and weighing scale.
YAM FLOUR PRODUCTION FLOW CHART
Cleaning: Clean to remove sand and dirt
Peeling: Peel manually using knives
Slicing: Slice peeled yam tubers into uniform size chips. This is to enable the chips to dry faster at the same time and temperature.
Cleaning: Clean/Rinse chips with water
Drying: Dry yam chips in a cabinet dryer. Ensure yam chips are properly dried.
Milling: Mill dried chips into a fine flour using a hammer mill
Cooling: Cool milled flour before packaging to reduce the heat generated as a result of milling
Sieving: Sieve to remove particles
Packaging: Package yam flour in different sizes (1kg, 2kg, 5kg, and 10kg) seal and label
Your packaged yam flour can be sold to individuals, supermarkets, schools, restaurants, hotels, and caterers. Yam flour can also be exported to other countries.